Collateral A borrower's pledge of specific property to a lender, to be forfeited in the event of default.
Counterparty The party with whom a contract or financial transaction is effected.
Cross Currency Swap An agreement to swap cash flows on loans of the same size and terms but denominated in different currencies. These agreements are used by the Group to fix the Euro cost of transactions denominated in foreign currency.
Current Market Value The estimated amount for which a property would exchange between a willing buyer and seller in an arm's-length transaction.
Debtor A borrower, whose loans were deemed eligible and those loans have transferred to the Group. The borrower is referred to by the Group as a debtor. A debtor connection is a group of loans that are connected to a debtor.
Debtor business plans Business plans produced by each debtor setting out how they intend to pay back debt and the plan for achieving debt repayment. Debtor business plans are independently reviewed and approved between NAMA and the debtor.
Derivative A derivative is a financial instrument that derives its value from an underlying item e.g. interest rates or currency, and can be used to manage risks associated with changes in the value of the underlying item.
Discount Rate The rate used to discount future cash flows to their present values.
Due Diligence A comprehensive appraisal of a business especially to establish the value of its assets and liabilities. There are two types of due diligence carried out by the Group, Legal and Property due diligence.
Enforcement Proceedings Proceedings to compel compliance with legal contracts.
Euribor The Euro Interbank Offered Rate is the rate at which euro interbank deposits are offered by one prime bank to another within the Eurozone.
Floating Charge from CBI Under the IBRC Act 2013, NAMA acquired a loan facility deed and floating charge over certain IBRC assets from the Central Bank of Ireland.
Floating Rate An interest rate that changes periodically as contractually agreed.
Foreign Exchange Derivative / Cross Currency Swap A financial contract where the buyer and seller agree to swap floating cash flows between two different currencies, during a defined period of time.
FX Swap An FX Swap is a simultaneous purchase and sale of identical amounts of one currency for another with two different value dates (normally spot to forward).
Hedge Entering into an agreement to manage the risks of adverse changes in the price of an asset or liability.
Impaired Loan A loan is impaired when it is unlikely the lender will collect the full value of the loan.
Interest Rate Swap A derivative in which one party exchanges a stream of cash flows for another party's stream of cash flows based on a specified principal amount. Typically this comprises a swap of the cash flows equivalent to variable interest payments for cash flows equivalent to fixed interest payments on the same principal amount.
Inventories Properties acquired by NAMA and held on its statement of financial position.
Land and Development Loan Land and development loans include loans on land which have been purchased for the purpose of development, and loans secured on partly developed land.
Loan commitments Balance of credit NALML has committed to extend to customers.
Long-Term Economic Value (LTEV) The value as determined by NAMA in accordance with the NAMA Act, that an asset can be reasonably expected to attain in a stable financial system when the crisis conditions prevailing at the time of the passing of the Act are ameliorated and, in the case of property, in which a future price or yield of the property is consistent with reasonable expectations having regard to the long-term historical average.
Mark-to-Market Value The price or value of a security, portfolio or account that reflects its current market value rather than its book value.
OTC Over the Counter, refers to derivatives that are not traded on a recognised exchange.
Participating Institution A Credit Institution that has been designated by the Minister under Section 67 of the Act as a Participating Institution, including any of its subsidiaries that has not been excluded under that section.
Present Value A value on a given date of a future payment or series of future payments, discounted to reflect the time value of money and other factors such as investment risk.
Primary Servicer A Participating Institution managing debtors on NAMA's behalf within authority limits approved by the Board.
Profit Participating Loan A loan that provides the lender with a return that depends, at least in part, on the profitability of the borrower.
Qualifying Advance An advance made by a Participating Institution to a borrower (whose loans are eligible assets) following the announcement of NAMA by the Minister for Finance on 7 April 2009. The advance is only qualifying if it was made as part of normal commercial banking arrangements. No discount applied to these advances.
Security Includes (a) a Charge, (b) a guarantee, indemnity or surety, (c) a right of set-off, (d) a debenture, (e) a bill of exchange, (f) a promissory note, (g) collateral, (h) any other means of securing—(i) the payment of a debt, or (ii) the discharge or performance of an obligation or liability, and (i) any other agreement or arrangement having a similar effect.
Short term treasury bonds Irish government treasury bonds acquired for liquidity management.
Special Purpose Vehicle A legal entity created to fulfill a narrow, specific or temporary well defined objective.
Subordinated Debt Debt which is repayable only after other debts have been repaid. NAMA pays 5% of the purchase price of the loans it acquires in the form of subordinated bonds.
Tranche A group of loans of different debtors, which transfer to NAMA at a specific point in time. The transfer of assets from Participating Institutions to the Group occurs in tranches.